Colombia is the second largest producer of coffee in the world and the largest producer of washed and Arabica coffee. Annual production ranges from 12-15 million bags weighing 70 kilos each. Colombia exports approximately 12.5 million bags and internal consumption is about 2 million bags annually. Coffee is grown at an altitude of 1,200-2,000 meters.
The main flowering period for Colombia is from April to October. The main crop harvest lasts from early September to December. The mitaca harvest lasts from March to June. Colombia ships coffee 12 months a year.
Colombia only produces washed Arabica coffee. The three primary varieties grown in Colombia are Catura, Typica, Bourbon, and Variadad Colombia (developed by the FNC to be resistant to coffee leaf rust disease).
Colombian coffee is referred to by the region in which it is grown. Many people will refer to the closest city where the mill is located.
- Antioquia - Medellin (18% of total production)
- Tolima - Ibague
- Caldas - Manizales (29% of total production)
- Valle del Cauca - Cali (13% of total production)
- Huila - Neiva (5% of total production)
- Cauca - Popayan (4% of total production)
- Santander – Bucaramanga
- Supremo – Standard screen 17/18
- European Preparation (EP) – Screen 15
- UGQ – Also referred to as Excelso, Screen 14 (Excelso can be used to refer to all Colombian coffee of exportable quality)
well rounded, good overall acidity, light to medium body depending on region